Archive for category Reduce CO2 at home

Economic crisis - the perfect opportunity for green measures - if only they could see it

No cutsIt’s 2012 and the world is undergoing major economic upheaval. In pretty much every major country the buzzword is ‘cuts’. Cuts to staff, cuts to expenditure and cuts to investment. Although governments are talking about long-term plans, most actions seem very short-termist, and it’s therefore not a very good time for green initiatives, most of which will take time and need investment. This is all meant to save money, but it’s definitely putting a stop to saving the planet!

And, from a CO2 reduction point of view, I think they’ve got it wrong in so many ways. I realise you probably need financial training to work it out, but it seems to me that governments are putting their own welfare over that of the people. Throughout the 4 years that I’ve been writing this blog (ok, not so often recently…), I have focused on one message above all others: the measures you take to reduce emissions can also save you money.

Instead of reducing investment in green initiatives, governments - and especially the UK government should be pushing them forwards and helping individuals, companies, even their own institutions reduce their costs. Here are some examples:

  1. A greater push and tighter regulations on company emissions. Greater awareness on electricity consumption alone could reduce electricity bills hugely across the country.
  2. Backing off from cutting the feed-in tariff. I know the government has just suffered a defeat on this, but they really need to rethink and maintain the higher rate for now. A huge opportunity exists here to help whole communities save money by installing solar panels.
  3. Tightening vehicle emissions rules still further and even considering subsidising the development of EVs. It’s a no-brainer. Let’s make our cars more efficient and stop this bank-breaking dependency on petrol.
  4. Encouraging other forms of green transport. How’s about giving tax breaks to people who cycle? Or allowing them to claim expenses to maintain their bikes? How’s about making the ‘Cycle to work’ scheme obligatory in every company over a certain size? Millions have already flocked to two wheels (me included) but more would follow if given a little push in the right direction.
  5. I know that there are some initiatives coming up that use this kind of thinking, including an loan scheme to help home owners invest in green energy, but more could and should be done.

    There, rant over for today. But I think I’m going to keep on at this one.


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The Queen installs hydro power: A right royal reason to get things going again

Ok, so it’s been nearly 2 years since my last blog. Life has got in the way for a while, but it’s time to get things going again. I never meant Reduce Your CO2 to be a militant, ‘you must do absolutely everything green’ blog, but rather one that looks at the different things people are doing to reduce their emissions and / or save money - a particularly important challenge during these hard economic times. Typically however I’m getting back on track with less of a money-saver and more of a ‘good thing’.

Windsor Castle - soon to be powered by hydroelectricity

I’ve just read in the papers that the Queen is in the process of installing 2 Archimedes screws at Romney weir near Windsor castle. The aim is that they will power some, or even all of the electricity needed by the castle (allegedly her favourite residence), and this by November of this year. Estimates quoted suggested that this solution will reduce her carbon emissions by 790,000 kilos per year (not sure why kilos are quoted instead of tonnes - bit odd really, but it makes the figures look bigger!). So that’s pretty impressive, eh?

Admittedly she is spending something like £2 million to get this up and running so it’s not like she’s ever going to make the money back, and this has already got some people ranting about how pointless a gesture it is. The usual noises about people with money, about the inefficiency of these solutions, and about not helping anyone else out.

But this got me thinking. Surely this is a good example of a form of redistribution of wealth? If everyone who could afford to install green energy solutions, efficient or not, did so, then this to my mind would achieve several things:

  • It would relieve power stations of a large weight, especially as it goes to reason that wealthier people use more electricity
  • It would channel badly needed funds into the green energy industry, facilitating ongoing development
  • It would create a large splash in the news - something needed in an area that is crucial to our future whether or not you believe that the world is going to end. We need new energy solutions as our current ones will not last for ever
  • It would contribute to bringing the cost of installing green energy down, making it more efficient, and opening solutions up to the next financial tranche. For instance, if solar panels cost half of what they did today it would make financial sense for far more people to install them

If you think of many technologies, they start by only being affordable for the ultra rich, and it is the interest and investment of those very people that helps bring costs down and makes them accessible to the masses. By setting up her own hydroelectric powerplant even if it costs far more than she will save, HMQ is setting an excellent example to others ’sheltered from need’. Let’s hope they take note and follow.

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How can we continue to reduce CO2 emissions and stimulate the economy?

In these difficult economic times, many people have voiced concern over the fact that the many advances made over the last few years in the battle against global warming may be negated due to the sudden massive reduction in investment in this area.

It has always been recognised that investment is required on a public and, to a lesser extent a private level in order to reduce our CO2 emissions at the speed recommended to avoid major global incidents. Governments need to invest in our infrastructure, in planning for a future where oil becomes more and more scarce, and where less is more with regard to energy consumption, and everyday people need to invest in changing their lightbulbs, replacing inefficient appliances, and in more efficient, but more expensive fuel sources. Suddenly noone has any money: the governments have spent it on saving our banks, and people have lost it on the markets, in the drop in the value of housing, or quite simply by losing their jobs. Everyone is tightening their belt, and this is not good news for the new, Green Economy.

Barack Obama, I am glad to say, has made huge steps to counter these concerns by guaranteeing investment in the Green Economy. He has openly said that his goal is to stimulate the economy by investing in this new area, creating new jobs, planning for a better future, and, ultimately, saving people money in the process. In the UK, however, we haven’t quite got that far. There is proposed investment in improving efficiency in our homes, but many other potential areas of investment still seem up in the air, either due to lack of funds or lack of decision-making.

Which is why a briefing paper published this week by Lord Stern of Stern Report fame and Alex Bowen, entitled ‘An outline of the case for a ‘Green’ stimulus is well worth paying attention to. This short but perfectly formed document takes an intelligent, practical approach with the aim of identifying how boosting the Green Economy can boost our economy overall, thus justifying ongoing investment in spite of hard times.

The report looks at a range of different solutions currently which have been, are being, or should be considered to help us reduce our CO2 emissions. It then looks at each of them from several angles, with the goal of identifying those solutions that can both promote economic recovery and limit the adverse effects of climate change. How quickly can each solution be implemented, is the investment required short or long-term, how much will it help reduce emissions, and will it help businesses and everyday people save money, thus aiding recovery?

Based on these scoring criteria, the 5 best performers are:

  • Improving residential home energy efficiency
  • Improving public building energy efficiency
  • Replacing boilers on a massive scale
  • Replacing lights and other appliances
  • Producing new, fuel-efficient cars

And the worst 5 solutions are:

  • Domestic renewable energy
  • Encouraging energy R&D
  • Connected urban transport
  • Advanced Battery development
  • Carbon capture and storage projects

I don’t totally agree with the scoring in every case, and it would be easy to change around the order by changing the criteria, but the approach is still very interesting and makes you think. I’m happy to know that point 1 seems to be already in progress, but I feel that point 2 needs far more investment and point 3 is simply too expensive to consider today. And don’t even get me on to fuel-efficient cars, as the car companies are really dragging their heels here, and because for me this is totally linked with advanced battery development.

Still, at a time when difficult choices have to be made, I am impressed by this attempt to help clarify the arguments for the different solutions. If you want to learn more, you can read the whole paper here - it’s not too long and well worth the read.

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Reducing emissions - the ideal way to fight the Credit Crunch

Just in case anyone has had their head in the sand for the first 5 months of this year I just wanted to confirm officially: things are getting tighter financially, and it’s going to get worse. At any rate, that’s my reading of what I see going on around me in the UK. Mortgages (if you can get one) are going up, petrol is going up as are other fuel bills, food is going up, house values are going down…

So what should we do about it? Well we can do the classic thing and moan a lot and wait to be helped by the government, or we can look at our lives and see how we can ’slim down’ our expenses, cutting out the unnecessary costs in order to leave us more to spend on the things we can’t do without.

There have been several articles in the papers recently wondering whether a recession will cause businesses and consumers to give up on their efforts to cut their CO2 emissions as there are more important things to worry about. I think that this is a complete contradiction in terms for both businesses and consumers. Reducing your CO2 emissions will always save you money, and in some cases it will cost you nothing or next to nothing.

Above all, there are all the obvious things you can do, many of which are covered in my Reduce Your CO2 Tips of the Day. Most of these apply to offices and to homes and nowadays it’s often offices who are the main culprits, committing such sins as leaving monitors, printers and even lights on all night. Businesses also have an advantage in that, if you own your offices, investing in solar or wind power will have an immediate effect on overheads whilst being considered an investment that adds value to the company. At home, it’s simply a matter of changing your behaviour, for instance by doing the round of all the sockets every night to switch them off, or not day dreaming in the shower!

Many of us know about these relatively simple actions, and to me they should not be presented so much as something we HAVE to do because the world is in danger (although this may be true). First and foremost, they are common sense. Why waste money? Why spend more money heating your house than is necessary? If there’s one thing that winds me up, it’s the comments of global warming naysayers about conusuming for all their worth, because they can, and because it won’t have any effect anyway. Let’s put aside the effect bit, and simply look at what they are proposing: let’s spend as much money as possible where we don’t need to, just because we can.

Ok, enough ranting. Reducing CO2 emissions is about becoming more efficient, and in many cases with little or no effort. Right now this is what everyone needs to know, and it’s what I’m saying to anyone who will listen. What would be really good, would be if governments tried out the same message. Let’s stop talking about more or less green taxes and where they go. Let’s cut down on the doom and gloom, which causes huge divides of opinion, apathy in some, and panic in others. Let’s just concentrate on using our common sense and sitting back to enjoy the fact that by saving money on our energy bills we have stopped the credit crunch from affecting us.

 Oh, and we’ve reduced our CO2 emissions in the process….

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UK Budget: is that all the green you’ve got, Darling?

Sorry for the sad headlines, but why not follow the crowd - after all, the name just asks for it, and I’m afraid to say that my respect for the man has not increased dramatically following his performance of the other day.

This was billed as ‘the greenest budget yet’. Probably the cleverest part of the whole speech, as this wasn’t exactly difficult. What’s more, the green ‘bit’ started with some promise, as Alistair Darling confirmed that the government takes global warming very seriously, and recognised the importance of acting, and acting now…. except he then went on to pretty much postpone all the acting till a later date, immediately ruining the effect of this statement and, for me at any rate, preparing us for a series of disappointing promises.

This is what we got:

  • The proposed increase in fuel duty by 2p is delayed until October in order to help the economy
  • The government will ask the Climate Change committee to advise them on whether CO2 reduction targets for 2050 should be raised from 60% to 80%
  • Carbon budgets will be announced alongside the budget as of next year
  • Energy companies are to encourage us to reduce our electricity consumption
  • If supermarkets don’t take action on reducing the use of plastic bags, a charge will be imposed on them as of 2009
  • £26 million has been allocated to a Green Homes Service
  • New non-domestic buildings must be CO2 neutral by 2019
  • Revenue from plane duty is increased by 10%
  • New tax bands will be introduced to punish those with polluting cars / encourage the purchase of less-polluting cars
  • As of 2010, a special first year charge will be introduced - new cars emitting under 130 grammes of CO2 will be free of tax for that year, whilst high-polluting cars will have an increased tax - effectively a forecourt tax.

So how would I translate all of the above? Lots of promises to do things in the future - hmmm, not much urgency there, threats about plastic bags (apparently to keep Daily Mail readers happy), good intentions about zero Carbon businesses, a bit more money from the airlines (I wonder where it will be spent? Maybe it can go towards building the new runway…), no car tax for green cars in their first year as of 2010 (wow, an incentive!), and punishment for gas guzzlers.

Frankly, it’s not much, and it certainly doesn’t reflect the statement that ‘the need to take action is urgent’. I know that things take time to put in place in government, but this is a budget that commits to do not very much over the next 2 years, and to talk about doing some other things in the future. And, of course, there’s no real ‘carrot’ to encourage us to take action ourselves. In fact the famous system of grants for microgeneration seems to have vanished!

I know we’re entering a recession, that money is tight, that the government’s priority is to try to see us through it safe, but reducing our CO2 emissions gives us an opportunity to save money, something we need to do right now. What’s more it is urgent to do things now, not next year, and certainly not in 2016!

This may have been the greenest budget yet, but it won’t make a difference. The UK, leading Europe in its apathy towards reducing emissions.

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Energy Saving Day - E-Day: what a waste of a good opportunity

I don’t know how many of you know, but today is E-day. Well actually, E-day runs from 6pm yesterday till 6pm today.

It was the brainchild of scientist Matt Prescott, who wanted to launch a day of action against climate change to replace the BBC’s Planet Relief day, which was cancelled as it was considered too political. Sponsored by the energy companies, who are providing a live power consumption feed, and launched yesterday evening with a speech by the Bishop of London in St Paul’s Cathedral, and the screening of short movies in a bicycle powered cinema, the goal of E-day is for individuals and businesses to turn off everything run by electricity that they don’t need in order to show how easy it is to reduce our power consumption and thus reduce CO2 emissions.

First point: until I saw the piece on today there has been absolutely no marketing that I have seen anywhere to tell people that this day was happening. How do they think an event like this is ever going to work if it has no media support? It makes me think of Wayne’s World 2 – ‘Build it, and they will come’. Clearly they have not turned up in this case, as no one has been talking about this event.

Second point: they have put a special live feed on their web site -, which is also on the BBC web site, though thankfully hidden away, that shows a typical day’s consumption compared with today’s consumption, in order to illustrate how much power we are saving. Guess what? Pretty much all of today, power consumption has been HIGHER than on a typical day!

In their blurb on the site, the guys from E-day say ‘E-Day will finish at 6pm on Thurs 28 Feb. The total savings of money, energy and carbon associated with E-Day will then be calculated and made available in time of the evening news bulletins.’ Right now, the evening bulletins will either be saying nothing at all, or they will be pointing out how this is a complete and utter failure.

This is the perfect illustration of why tracking can be dangerous. It’s great to sell in an idea to a client with the added message of ‘we will measure everything to show you how much money we’ve made you.’, but it can come back to bite you if the project fails, with the client saying ‘well basically your tracking tells me that you owe me £x!!’. Basically the whole project will have proved…. nothing.

If I’d known about this a while ago – ie if it had been well covered in the press and other media – I might have suggested we try to do something at the company I work for. As it is, I find myself reacting like too many other people who still regard this as ‘somebody else’s problem’, thinking ‘what effect am I going to have, when obviously no one else is doing anything about the problem’.


There are now 15 minutes until the end of E-day, and after a brief dip into the ‘green’, we are again using more electricity than on a typical day as estimated by the power companies. OK, their estimates are just estimates, but its amazing how the curve of real consumption has mirrored that of estimated consumption throughout these 24 hours - all the while sticking just above. I’ve had a look on the Facebook page set up for the event, and the comments are the same there - ‘What a pity I only heard about this today!’.


Events like this can have a good effect, and can prove something. However they need to be organised properly and communicated properly. I don’t know how much money was invested in E-day, but I can guarantee that the CO2 emmissions generated by organising it have unfortunately exceeded those saved. What a waste.

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Reduce your CO2 tip of the day (19): insulate, insulate, insulate

Whilst all the actions we can take to reduce our CO2 emissions are important, many of them have a relatively small impact on the 6 tonnes per year of CO2 emissions generated by the average UK household. Upgrading your fridge to one with an A+ energy rating will for instance save around 64kg of CO2 emissions per year according to the Energy Saving Trust.

This is not the case for CO2 tip of the day number 19. Insulating your house properly can save over a tonne of CO2 emissions every year - and dramatically reduce your heating bill at the same time. These figures are based on improvements made to a badly insulated 3 bedroom house, but anyone living in any form of accommodation of any size can reduce their emissions by ensuring their home is well insulated. The UK has a terrible record on insulation, so (forgive me for dreaming a moment) if we all followed as many as possible of the following recommendations, the effect on our CO2 emissions would be dramatic:

  1. If you have a loft, insulate it. Installing insulation 270mm thick or more could save a tonne of yearly C02 emissions in a 3 bedroom house.
  2. Wall insulation can have an even more dramatic effect. The cheapest approach is cavity wall insulation, where a special product is pumped into the cavity between the inner and outer walls of your house (most houses built since the 1920’s have cavity walls). This can save anything up to a tonne of emissions and costs around £500 for a three bedroom house.
  3. More expensive and more complicated, but with a possible emissions reduction of up to 2.5 tonnes is external or internal wall insulation.
  4. Double glazing is no longer a taboo subject either. There are now high quality solutions for every style of house, with the possibility to save around 750kg of CO2 emissions.
  5. Most of us have curtains, but when do we close them? More often than not, when we go to bed! During winter, close your curtains as soon as possible when it gets dark, in order to keep a maximum of heat in. If today you have blinds, but you are looking to improve your heating efficiency, it is well worth considering curtains.
  6. Draught proof your doors, etc. As much as 20% of heat loss in a typical home is via ventilation and draughts, but this is an easy to solve issue. Any number of products exist for blocking draughts on the sides and bottoms of doors, and equally around less obvious areas like cat flaps, or bathroom ventilation.

There is much discussion at the moment around the best way to encourage consumers to reduce personal CO2 emissions, with all the political parties weighing in with their latest proposals. One point that has emerged in various surveys, is that the public is more likely react to a ‘carrot’ approach than a ’stick’ approach - that is to say, most of us agree that we will work on this problem if we are incentivised to do so, rather than if we are punished for not doing so.

To my mind, insulation is an area where incentives could easily be put in place, with some form of reduction in stamp duty or even tax relief on mortgages for houses with low emissions. In spite of the current rumblings in the financial markets, the UK housing market remains strong, and people move relatively regularly, making this an incentive for important improvements that could have a major effect on emissions, and that could have a real and immediate effect on UK CO2 emissions.

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Reduce your CO2 tip of the day (18): Use less paper

The concept of using less paper has been around for a long time, it’s just the reasoning behind it and the importance of this reasoning that has evolved. In the beginning it was ‘protect the rain forests, use less paper’, but for most people the rain forests were the cradle of life, rather than the CO2 absorbers they are known as today. People certainly did not connect using too much paper with dramatic changes in our future lifestyles.

Funnily enough, however, I get the feeling that we worry less about using paper today than we did 10 years ago - it’s certainly the case in the very wasteful office I am currently working in. Maybe we feel that recycling has solved the problem. Maybe we have the impression that the ‘paperless office’ is reality, and that, because we send hardly any faxes and letters but use emails instead nowadays, we are using less paper. Maybe we think that enough trees are being planted elsewhere to compensate for those that are cut down to make paper.

Only it’s not as simple as that. Demand for paper continues to increase, so we are cutting down more and more trees. The manufacture of paper also uses water, chemicals and energy. On average, only 50% of paper used is likely to be recycled, and huge amounts still end up in landfills or even being incinerated. Paper is bad for the environment.

What’s more, the famous ‘paperless office’ is, in my experience, a myth. Email is such an easy form of communication, that we send more and more of them…… and then we PRINT THEM OUT! We produce beautiful powerpoint presentations that look great on screen and then we PRINT THEM OUT IN BLACK AND WHITE! Our screens are bigger and better, but to check our documents we PRINT THEM OUT! In many countries, the law still requires HARD COPIES of invoices. We continue to generate reams and reams of paper in a totally inefficient and unnecessary manner.

And at home, its not much better. Junk mail….. need I say more? Bank statements, credit card bills, phone bills, utilities bills, KITCHEN ROLL (sorry, I’m in a mood for capital letters today), useless receipts, product instructions in 10 languages taking up 10 times the paper.

Maybe it is possible to find a way to produce all the paper we need combining new and recycled paper, whilst maintaining the number of trees globally, although I doubt it. But is that the point? If we’re not producing CO2 by killing trees, we’re doing so by producing paper, burning paper, or letting it decompose. It all counts.

And with a little effort, just a little effort, we can make a dent in this problem, both at home and at work. At home this will save us time and money. At work it will make our businesses more profitable. In all cases it will reduce CO2 and save energy.

Here are my tips for using less paper - there are of course many variations:

At work

  1. Only print if you really need to. Just ask yourself the question each time you think about printing a document.
  2. If you need to print, why not print on both sides of each sheet of paper? Most printers have this function nowadays.
  3. If you are printing a word document for internal use, why not print two pages on each page? Again most modern printers have this function.
  4. If you are printing a powerpoint presntation for internal use / review, print several slides per page. Up to 6 is in general perfectly readable.
  5. If you have a pda that you synchronise with your pc and the screen is big enough, why not take the email or document with you and view it on your pda when you go to that meeting?
  6. Recycle all office paper. Step one is reusing paper internally if only one side has been printed on. Step two is ensuring that paper is kept and collected for recycling.
  7. If your suppliers / clients are willing to work this way, ask to send and receive invoices by email. Same with contracts, although you may need a signed copy somewhere along the line.

At Home

  1. Don’t buy and don’t use kitchen roll. It’s so easy, it’s so available, it gets used for everything and nothing, lasts no time, and goes in the bin so gets sent to landfill or incineration. Use soap and a sponge. It’s more hygenic anyway.
  2. Join the mail preference service and opt out of receiving junk mail. No more 0% credit card offers!
  3. Bank online and ask to stop receiving paper statements. You still have access to all the information you need, but you don’t receive several pieces of paper each month that you probably don’t read anyway. What’s more taking this action contributes to a whole chain of CO2 reduction: the bank buys less paper, and does not use energy to print the statement. The mail service does not use energy in delivering the letter. You don’t even have to send the paper for recycling or worse, you don’t have to put it in the wrong bin and send it for incineration or burning where it generates yet more CO2.
  4. Same goes for phone bills. You can now receive this information by email. If credit card companies don’t do it, they should.
  5. Recycle all the paper you don’t need. Everyone has a recycling service now, but it’s amazing how much paper still goes in the wrong bin.
  6. When you buy a new electrical product, take all unnecessary instructions and put them straight into the recycling bin.
  7. If you have a choice, ask NOT to receive a receipt unless you need one.

These are all things that are easy to do, so why not avoid being forced to make much larger concessions in the future, and take action today. I promise it won’t change our day to day lives, but it might help change our future.

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Reduce your CO2 tip of the day (16): look after your fridge / fridge freezer

Fridges and fridge freezers are some of the biggest power consumers in the home. Considering that they are on all year round, this is not totally surprising, but an average fridge freezer will still generate up to twice as much emissions as your TV and four times as much as your kettle (unless you are a serial tea drinker!). Many are also extremely inefficient, and consume electricity unnecessarily, continuing to consume at the same level even though full power is only needed to start up the motor and pump fluid around the system.

It is therefore very important to look after these appliances and to use them as efficiently as possible, and here are Reduce Your CO2’s useful tips for generating a minimum amount of emissions with your fridge, fridge / freezer or freezer:

  1. Make sure that your food is cool before putting it away. It’s pretty obvious science really - if you put warm food in the fridge, the fridge will have to work harder to cool it down.
  2. Make sure that all freezer compartments and freezers are regularly defrosted. A defrosted freezer needs less effort to keep things cool than one clogged with ice.
  3. Dust the element regularly. The element works on the principal of removing heat and sending it out into the air. If covered with dust, the heat will take longer to leave the element.
  4. Buy yourself a Savaplug. This specially adapted plug can detect once the fridge / freezer’s motor is up to speed and then reduces the amount of electricity used to the necessary level. Savaplugs don’t work with all fridges and fridge / freezers so do check the list of incompatible appliances on their web site.
  5. If you replace your fridge / freezer, try to buy an ‘A’ rated appliance, which can halve your current appliances emissions.

Fridge / freezers and freezers are very important to leading an efficient ecological life. We have become an extremely wasteful society, and intelligent use of your fridge / freezer or freezer means that you throw away far less food and therefore generate less waste. What is important is to use these appliances efficiently and to use as little energy as we can.

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Reduce your CO2 tip of the day (14): get rid of the tumble dryer

Tumble dryers are one of the worst culprits in the home for CO2 consumption. They consume energy both in the power needed to make them ‘tumble’ and in the power needed to heat them up.

According to recent figures from the Energy Saving Trust, we use our washing machine on average 274 times a year, and our tumble dryer on average 148 times a year. Let’s say we’ve finally understood that we can wash our clothes just as well at 30 degrees, reducing by over 20 percent the power consumed to heat the water used. Good, that’s a start. However, the next, far more effective step is to eliminate the power-guzzling tumble dryer.

All you need to do is pick one of the following options:

  1. Got a garden? Lucky you, you can hang your clothes out to dry! They will smell great, and what’s more they will be much easier to iron. Ok I know, there is this thing called rain…. in that case, garden or not, on to option 2.
  2. Get an indoor clothes hanger, or if you have the space, install pulleys. It’s simple, efficient, and it saves energy. Also, having your clothes hanging around reminds you to put them away!!!
  3. If you really must use a tumble dryer from time to time, try to combine use with the above solutions, and, if at all possible, replace your current dryer with a low-energy model.

I get the feeling tumble dryers are a bit like mobile phones, and cars for that matter. Once you’ve got one, you can’t live without it. As someone who’s never had one I can assure you: tumble dryers are unnecessary, energy guzzling appliances, plus one more thing in the home to go wrong and cost you money. Air dry your clothes save energy, and save money. You won’t notice the difference either.

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